Types of Pollution

Written by Wiska

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Types of Pollution

Contemporary world has been marked with so many changes and advancement through industrialization and development of new technologies. Industrialization and technology advancements have caused amazing effects. Nations have experienced improved techniques in production leading to increased production and consequently more economic growth.

Citizens have had their living standards through increased production. Authors of papers and books have expressed their gratitude to industrialization and its effects as well as the improvement in technology.

Nonetheless, many such authors do not lean on one side but appreciate both the negative and positive effects of industrialization and improvement in the technology.

Other than the positive effects of industrialization and technological improvements, the most threatening negative effects of the two is pollution.

Pollution is a broad aspect encompassing many institutions and schools of thoughts. In direct terms, pollution is the introduction of unwanted substances into natural environment leading to environmental instability, disorder, discomfort and harm to ecosystem affecting different living things in their habitat.

Unwanted substance introduction into environment has been spurred by industrialization and improved technology leading to production of many varied products. The unwanted substances are pollutants.

Unfortunately, industrialization and technological effects of pollution have caused a lot of harm to living things in their natural habitat.


Air Pollution

Air Pollution is the contamination of air in atmosphere that is important for every living being on the planet to sustain life. Common air pollutants (the substances which cause pollution) include smoke and harmful gases from industries, CFCs and oxides produced by automobiles, burning of solid wastes, i.e., Sulphur oxides, CO, CO2, particulate matter, NH3, smoke produced by explosives and other radioactive particles (e.g., Radon gas is released into the atmosphere because of radioactive decay within the Earth’s crust) being released into the atmosphere. Air Pollution can also be a consequence of the natural disasters such as a volcanic eruption.

Effects of Air Pollution

Air pollution causes depletion of the protective ozone layer. It also has dire health effects on the individuals living on earth; it may cause respiratory problems, asthma, lungs and heart diseases, etc. Air pollution also affects the cardiovascular system, but the effects depend on the individual’s exposure to the pollutants.

Water Pollution

Water is one of the most important natural resources on the planet which is one of the necessary elements to sustain life on earth. Adding harmful products in water means water becomes unusable and it is commonly known as Water Pollution. These products could be chemical, biological or physical materials that deteriorate the quality of water and the lives associated with it. Some of the most common water pollutants include industrial wastes (which are directly dumped into the sea of lakes making the water unfit for fishes and other organisms living in the water), domestic and farm wastes, oil spills, pesticides, as well as mining and agricultural wastes. (Pollution, Water Pollution, Air Pollution)

Effects of Water Pollution

About 40% of the deaths globally are accounted by water pollution. Polluted water affects the flora and fauna of the sea organisms and these organisms when consumed by humans, cause harmful diseases. Also, the contamination of drinking water, which is produced from natural water resources, causes diseases such as jaundice, cholera, or typhoid.


Noise Pollution

It relates to the excessive cacophony in environment, primarily due to sounds created by machines. It is generally caused by loudspeakers, microphones, loud music, noise from industries, from construction and civil engineering works etc.

Effects of Noise Pollution

The main problem that noise pollution, (also known as sound pollution), causes is that it affects the physiological and psychological health of an individual who is exposed to the excessive sound. Sometimes, it can even cause deafness and impaired hearing. It also causes annoyance which might result on blood pressure variations, ultimately leading to coronary diseases.

Land Pollution

Degrading the earth’s surface by improper commercial, industrial, agricultural and domestic activities is known as land pollution. Dumping of e-wastes and other industrial wastes into the land causes land pollution. Insecticides, pesticides, etc., also harm the agricultural land and the soil. Mining, deforestation, oil refineries construction debris, etc., are the most common land pollutants.

Effects of Land Pollution

The agricultural capability of soil gets affected as a result of the land pollution, making it infertile and unusable for farming purposes. It might result in the lowering of water table inside the ground.

In conclusion, it would be safe to say that pollution is very important to be controlled if life is intended to be sustained on the planet. It may be in different forms but if the masses can be properly informed and educated along with strict legislation, pollution can be controlled.


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