Present Indefinite Tense in English Grammar

The Present Tenses in English Grammar 

  1. Present Indefinite Tense in English Grammar 

Present Indefinite Tense relates to an action that occurs regularly and habitually. It also represents the universal truth or something that occurs normally in our lives.  

Rules: 

  1. Use 1st form of Verb.  
  2. Use ‘do’, in case of negative and interrogative sentences, for plural subjects (like we, they, etc.).  
  3. Use ‘do’, in case of negative and interrogative sentences, for I and you. 
  4. Use ‘does’, in case of negative and interrogative sentences, for singular subjects (like he, she, it, etc.). 
  5. Use W/H-word (Who, What, Why, Where, When, Whom, Which, Whose, How) in the beginning of an interrogative sentence. 
  6. For singular third person subject, ‘s’ is added at the end of all root verbs except the ones whose last letter is o, shthch, ss, z, or gh where ‘es’ is added. 
 a) Affirmative in Present Indefinite Tense in English Grammar 
Structure: 
Subject → 1st form of Verb (V1 + s/es) → Object. 
Examples: 
  1. She reads a novel. 
  2. I play cricket. 
  3. They move in rush hours. 
  4. Elizabeth cooks food.

b) Negative in Present Indefinite Tense in English Grammar

Structure: 
Subject → Do/Does → Not → 1st form of Verb (V1) → Object. 
Examples: 
  1. She does not read a novel. 
  2. I do not play Cricket. 
  3. They do not move in rush hours. 
  4. Elizabeth does not cook food. 
 c) Interrogative in Present Indefinite Tense in English Grammar
Structure: 
Do/Does → Subject → 1st form of Verb (V1) → Object. 
Examples: 
  1. Does she read a novel? 
  2. Do I play Cricket? 
  3. Do they move in rush hours? 
  4. Does Elizabeth cook food? 
 d) Interrogatives-cum-W/H-words in Present Indefinite Tense in English Grammar
Structure: 
W/H-word → Do/Does → Subject → 1st form of Verb (V1) → Object. 
Examples: 
  1. Why does she read a novel? 
  2. Where do I play Cricket? 
  3. Why do they move in rush hours? 
  4. Why does Elizabeth cook food? 

Note: Using Who/What as Subject and Object in Present Indefinite Tense in English Grammar 

Rules: 

  • When you are using the words ‘Who’ or ‘What’ for a question, things become different as the word, ‘Who’, can also be used as a Subject along with a question-word and, in this case, the auxiliary verbs ‘Do/Does’ (Same is the case for ‘Did’ in the Past Indefinite Tense) are not required. 
  • Anyways, if you use the word ‘Who/What’ as an Object, the auxiliary verbs ‘do/does’ are required. 
  • The meaning of a sentence changes when you use the words ‘Who/What’ as an object. 
For Example, read the interrogative sentences and their respective responses in the following dialogue to see how the meanings change with or without the auxiliary verbs, ‘Do/Does’. (Same is the case for ‘Did’ in the Past Indefinite Tense) 
 Aleeza: Who loves you? 
(‘Who’ is used as Subject-cum-question but without an Auxiliary Verb) 
Aimen: Mom loves me too much. 
Aleeza: Who do you love? 
(‘Who’ is used as Object with an Auxiliary Verb) 
Aimen: I love my Mom too much. 
Aleeza: What prepares you for this occasion? 
(‘What’ is used as Subject -cum-question but without an Auxiliary Verb) 
Aimen: An inner motivation prepares me for this occasion. 
Aleeza: What do you prepare for this occasion? 
(‘What’ is used as Object with an Auxiliary Verb) 
Aimen: I plan to prepare a dessert for this occasion. 

 

 e) Interrogative-cum-Negative in Present Indefinite Tense in English Grammar

Structure: 
W/H-word → Do/Does → Subject → Not → 1st form of Verb (V1) → Object. 
Examples: 
  1. Why does she not read a novel? 
  2. Do I not play Cricket? 
  3. Why do they not move in rush hours? 
  4. When does Elizabeth not cook food? 

Also Visit:

Using Who/What as Subject and Object in Present Indefinite Tense 
Six (6) Progressive Tenses in English Language 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Next Post

Using Who/What as Subject and Object in Present Indefinite Tense 

Thu Mar 26 , 2020
Using Who/What as Subject and Object in Present Indefinite Tense in English Grammar Shahid Saleem Butt If you intend to use […]

Urdu Zindgy.com Site

Zindgy.com urdu

Write for Zindgy

Write for Zindgy Write for Zindgy or Blog (English or Urdu) Send your write-up file at websfocus@gmail.com Terms and Conditions

Number #1 Baby Names Database in the World

%d bloggers like this: