Passive Voice of Present Perfect Tense in English Grammar

3.Passive Voice of Present Perfect Tense in English Grammar
Rules to Form Passive Voice: 
  • Use has, have as helping or auxiliary verbs. 
  •  Use ‘been’ after the helping verb. 
  • Use 3rd form of Verb. 
  • The (Action-Doer) Subject becomes the (Action-Receiver) Object and vice versa. 
  • Use ‘by’, if required, after the verb or before the newly-formed object. 
 a) Affirmative Passive Voice of Present Perfect Tense
Affirmative Active Voice of Present Perfect Tense  
Structure:  
(Action-Doer) Subject → Has/Have → 3rd  form of Verb (V3) → (Action-Receiver) Object. 
Affirmative Passive Voice of Present Perfect Tense  
Structure: 
(Action-Receiver) Subject → Has/Have → Been → 3rd form of Verb (V3) → by → (Action-Doer) Object. 
Examples: 
  • They have written an application. (Active Voice) 
  • An application has been written by them(Passive Voice) 
  • I have cooked the meat. (Active Voice) 
  • The meat has been cooked by me(Passive Voice) 
  • Sana has caught the thief. (Active Voice) 
  • The thief has been caught by Sana. (Passive Voice) 

 (b) Negative Passive Voice of Present Perfect Tense  

Structure: 
(Action-Receiver) Subject → Has/Have → Not → Been → 3rd form of Verb (V3) → by → (Action-Doer) Object. 
Examples: 
  • They have not written an application. (Active Voice) 
  • An application has not been written by them(Passive Voice) 
  • I have not cooked the meat. (Active Voice) 
  • The meat has not been cooked by me(Passive Voice) 
  • Sana has not caught the thief. (Active Voice) 
  • The thief has not been caught by Sana. (Passive Voice) 

 (c) Interrogative Passive Voice of Present Perfect Tense  

Structure: 
Has/Have → (Action-Receiver) Subject → Been → 3rd form of Verb (V3) → by → (Action-Doer) Object? 
Examples: 
  • Have they written an application? (Active Voice) 
  • Has an application been written by them? (Passive Voice) 
  • Have I cooked meat? (Active Voice) 
  • Has meat been cooked by me? (Passive Voice) 
  • Has Sana caught the thief? (Active Voice) 
  • Has the thief been caught by Sana? (Passive Voice) 

 d) Interrogatives-cum-W/H-words Passive Voice of Present Perfect Tense 

Structure: 
W/H-words → Has/Have → (Action-Receiver) Subject → Been → 3rd form of Verb (V3) → by → (Action-Doer) Object? 
Examples: 
  • Why have they written an application? (Active Voice) 
  • Why has an application been written by them? (Passive Voice) 
  • Where have I cooked the meat? (Active Voice) 
  • Where has the meat been cooked by me(Passive Voice) 
  • How has Sana caught the thief? (Active Voice) 
  • How has the thief been caught by Sana? (Passive Voice) 
  e) Interrogatives-cum-Negative Passive Voice of Present Perfect Tense 
Structure: 
W/H-words → Has/Have → (Action-Receiver) Subject → Not → Been → 3rd form of Verb (V3) → by → (Action-Doer) Object? 
Examples: 
  • Why have they not written an application? (Active Voice) 
  • Why has an application not been written by them? (Passive Voice) 
  • Where have I not cooked the meat? (Active Voice) 
  • Where has the meat not been cooked by me(Passive Voice) 
  • Why has Sana not caught the thief? (Active Voice) 
  • Why has the thief not been caught by Sana? (Passive Voice) 

Also Visit

Six (6) Progressive Tenses in English Language 
Four (4) Past-cum-Future Tenses in English Language 
Twelve (12) Tenses in English Language 
Passive Voice Available for Eight Tenses 

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