Active and Passive Voice of Present Indefinite Tense

Active and Passive Voice of Present Indefinite Tense 

Rules to Form Passive Voice: 
  • Use is, are, am as helping or auxiliary verbs.  
  • Use 3rd form of Verb. 
  • The (Action-Doer) Subject becomes the (Action-Receiver) Object and vice versa. 
  • Use ‘by’, if required, after the verb or before the newly-formed object. 
 

a) Affirmative Passive Voice of Present Indefinite Tense

Affirmative Active Voice of Present Indefinite Tense  
Structure:  
(Action-Doer) Subject → 1st form of Verb (V1) + ‘s’ or ‘es’ → (Action-Receiver) Object. 
Affirmative Passive Voice of Present Indefinite Tense  
Structure: 
(Action-Receiver) Subject → Is/Are/Am → 3rd form of Verb (V3) → by → (Action-Doer) Object. 
Examples: 
  • She reads the novel. (Active Voice) 
  • The novel is read by her(Passive Voice) 
  • I play cricket. (Active Voice) 
  • Cricket is played by me(Passive Voice) 
  • Elizabeth cooks food. (Active Voice) 
  • Food is cooked by Elizabeth(Passive Voice) 
 

b) Negative Passive Voice of Present Indefinite Tense

Structure: 
(Action-Receiver) Subject → Is/Are/Am → Not → 3rd form of Verb (V3) → by → (Action-Doer) Object. 
Examples: 
  • She does not read the novel. (Active Voice) 
  • The novel is not read by her(Passive Voice) 
  • I do not play cricket. (Active Voice) 
  • Cricket is not played by me(Passive Voice) 
  • Elizabeth does not cook food. (Active Voice) 
  • Food is not cooked by Elizabeth(Passive Voice) 
 

c) Interrogative Passive Voice of Present Indefinite Tense

Structure: 
Is/Are/Am → (Action-Receiver) Subject → 3rd form of Verb (V3) → by → (Action-Doer) Object. 
Examples: 
  • Does she read the novel? (Active Voice) 
  • Is the novel read by her? (Passive Voice) 
  • Do I play cricket? (Active Voice) 
  • Is cricket played by me? (Passive Voice) 
  • Does Elizabeth cook food? (Active Voice) 
  • Is food cooked by Elizabeth? (Passive Voice) 
 

d) Interrogatives-cum-W/H-words Passive Voice of Present Indefinite Tense

Structure: 
W/H-word → Is/Are/Am → (Action-Receiver) Subject → 3rd form of Verb (V3) → by → (Action-Doer) Object. 
Examples: 
  • When does she read the novel? (Active Voice) 
  • When is the novel read by her? (Passive Voice) 
  • Where do I play cricket? (Active Voice) 
  • Where is cricket played by me? (Passive Voice) 
  • How does Elizabeth cook food? (Active Voice) 
  • How is food cooked by Elizabeth? (Passive Voice) 
 

e) Interrogatives-cum-Negative Passive Voice of Present Indefinite Tense

Structure: 
W/H-word → Is/Are/Am → (Action-Receiver) Subject → Not → 3rd form of Verb (V3) → by → (Action-Doer) Object. 
Examples: 
  • When does she not read the novel? (Active Voice) 
  • When is the novel not read by her? (Passive Voice) 
  • Do I not play cricket? (Active Voice) 
  • Is cricket not played by me? (Passive Voice) 
  • Why does Elizabeth not cook food? (Active Voice) 
  • Why is food not cooked by Elizabeth? (Passive Voice) 
 

Also Visit

Six (6) Progressive Tenses in English Language 
Four (4) Past-cum-Future Tenses in English Language 
Twelve (12) Tenses in English Language 
Passive Voice Available for Eight Tenses 

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