Passive Voice of Past Perfect Tense in English Grammar

 

6. Passive Voice of Past Perfect Tense in English Grammar

 Rules to Form Passive Voice: 
  • Use had as helping or auxiliary verbs. 
  •  Use ‘been’ after the helping verb. 
  • Use 3rd form of Verb. 
  • The (Action-Doer) Subject becomes the (Action-Receiver) Object and vice versa. 
  • Use ‘by’, if required, after the verb or before the newly-formed object. 

 a) Affirmative Passive Voice of Past Perfect Tense

Affirmative Active Voice of Present Perfect Tense  
Structure:  
(Action-Doer) Subject → Had → 3rd  form of Verb (V3) → (Action-Receiver) Object. 
Affirmative Passive Voice of Past Perfect Tense  
Structure: 
(Action-Receiver) Subject → Had → Been → 3rd form of Verb (V3) → by → (Action-Doer) Object. 
Examples: 
  • They had written an application. (Active Voice) 
  • An application had been written by them(Passive Voice) 
  • I had cooked the meat before the sun rose. (Active Voice) 
  • The meat had been cooked by me before the sun rose. (Passive Voice) 
  • Sana had caught the thief. (Active Voice) 
  • The thief had been caught by Sana. (Passive Voice) 

 (b) Negative Passive Voice of Past Perfect Tense  

Structure: 
(Action-Receiver) Subject → Had → Not → Been → 3rd form of Verb (V3) → by → (Action-Doer) Object. 
Examples: 
  • They had not written an application. (Active Voice) 
  • An application had not been written by them(Passive Voice) 
  • I had not cooked the meat before the sun rose. (Active Voice) 
  • The meat had not been cooked by me before the sun rose. (Passive Voice) 
  • Sana had not caught the thief. (Active Voice) 
  • The thief had not been caught by Sana. (Passive Voice) 

 (c) Interrogative Passive Voice of Past Perfect Tense  

Structure: 
Had → (Action-Receiver) Subject → Been → 3rd form of Verb (V3) → by → (Action-Doer) Object? 
Examples: 
  • Had they written an application? (Active Voice) 
  • Had an application been written by them? (Passive Voice) 
  • Had I cooked the meat before the sun rose? (Active Voice) 
  • Had the meat been cooked by me before the sun rose? (Passive Voice) 
  • Had Sana caught the thief? (Active Voice) 
  • Had the thief been caught by Sana? (Passive Voice) 

 d) Interrogatives-cum-W/H-words Passive Voice of Past Perfect Tense 

Structure: 
W/H-words → Had → (Action-Receiver) Subject → Been → 3rd form of Verb (V3) → by → (Action-Doer) Object? 
Examples: 
  • Why had they written an application? (Active Voice) 
  • Why had an application been written by them? (Passive Voice) 
  • Where had I cooked the meat? (Active Voice) 
  • Where had the meat been cooked by me(Passive Voice) 
  • How had Jennifer caught the thief? (Active Voice) 
  • How had the thief been caught by Jennifer(Passive Voice) 

 e) Interrogatives-cum-Negative Passive Voice of Past Perfect Tense 

Structure: 
W/H-words → Had → (Action-Receiver) Subject → Not → Been → 3rd form of Verb (V3) → by → (Action-Doer) Object? 
Examples: 
  • Why had they not written an application? (Active Voice) 
  • Why had an application not been written by them? (Passive Voice) 
  • Where had I not cooked the meat? (Active Voice) 
  • Where had the meat not been cooked by me(Passive Voice) 
  • Why had Aleena not caught the thief? (Active Voice) 
  • Why had the thief not been caught by Aleena? (Passive Voice) 

Also Visit

Six (6) Progressive Tenses in English Language 
Four (4) Past-cum-Future Tenses in English Language 
Twelve (12) Tenses in English Language 
Passive Voice Available for Eight Tenses 

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