Passive Voice of Past Indefinite Tense in English Grammar

 

4. Passive Voice of Past Indefinite Tense in English Grammar

Rules to Form Passive Voice: 
  • Use Was/Were as helping or auxiliary verbs.  
  • Use 3rd form of Verb. 
  • The (Action-Doer) Subject becomes the (Action-Receiver) Object and vice versa. 
  • Use ‘by’, if required, after the verb or before the newly-formed object. 

 a) Affirmative Passive Voice of Past Indefinite Tense

Affirmative Active Voice of Present Indefinite Tense  
Structure:  
(Action-Doer) Subject → 2nd form of Verb (V2) → (Action-Receiver) Object. 
Affirmative Passive Voice of Past Indefinite Tense  
Structure: 
(Action-Receiver) Subject → Was/Were → 3rd form of Verb (V3) → by → (Action-Doer) Object. 
Examples: 
  • She read the novel. (Active Voice) 
  • The novel was read by her(Passive Voice) 
  • I played cricket. (Active Voice) 
  • Cricket was played by me(Passive Voice) 
  • Elizabeth cooked food. (Active Voice) 
  • Food was cooked by Elizabeth(Passive Voice) 

 b) Negative Passive Voice of Past Indefinite Tense 

Structure: 
(Action-Receiver) Subject → Was/Were → Not → 3rd form of Verb (V3) → by → (Action-Doer) Object. 
Examples: 
  • She did not read the novel. (Active Voice) 
  • The novel was not read by her(Passive Voice) 
  • I did not play cricket. (Active Voice) 
  • Cricket was not played by me(Passive Voice) 
  • Elizabeth did not cook food. (Active Voice) 
  • Food was not cooked by Elizabeth(Passive Voice) 

 c) Interrogative Passive Voice of Past Indefinite Tense 

Structure: 
Was/Were → (Action-Receiver) Subject → 3rd form of Verb (V3) → by → (Action-Doer) Object. 
Examples: 
  • Did she read the novel? (Active Voice) 
  • Was the novel read by her? (Passive Voice) 
  • Did I play cricket? (Active Voice) 
  • Was cricket played by me? (Passive Voice) 
  • Did Elizabeth cook food? (Active Voice) 
  • Was food cooked by Elizabeth? (Passive Voice) 

 d) Interrogatives-cum-W/H-words Passive Voice of Past Indefinite Tense 

Structure: 
W/H-word → Was/Were → (Action-Receiver) Subject → 3rd form of Verb (V3) → by → (Action-Doer) Object? 
Examples: 
  • When did she read the novel? (Active Voice) 
  • When was the novel read by her? (Passive Voice) 
  • Where did I play cricket? (Active Voice) 
  • Where was cricket played by me? (Passive Voice) 
  • How did Elizabeth cook food? (Active Voice) 
  • How was food cooked by Elizabeth? (Passive Voice) 

 e) Interrogatives-cum-Negative Passive Voice of Past Indefinite Tense 

Structure: 
W/H-word → Was/Were → (Action-Receiver) Subject → Not → 3rd form of Verb (V3) → by → (Action-Doer) Object. 
Examples: 
  • When did she not read the novel? (Active Voice) 
  • When was the novel not read by her? (Passive Voice) 
  • Did I not play cricket? (Active Voice) 
  • Was cricket not played by me? (Passive Voice) 
  • Why did Elizabeth not cook food? (Active Voice) 
  • Why was food not cooked by Elizabeth? (Passive Voice) 

Also Visit

Six (6) Progressive Tenses in English Language 
Four (4) Past-cum-Future Tenses in English Language 
Twelve (12) Tenses in English Language 
Passive Voice Available for Eight Tenses 

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