Obligatory (Mandatory or Farz) and Non-Obligatory (Nafl) Prayers in Islam

There are two types of Prayers in Islam; Obligatory and Non-Obligatory.

1. Obligatory (Mandatory or Farz) Prayers in Islam

Obligatory (Mandatory or Farz) Prayers in Islam

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 Rakaats (Raka’at) in Islamic Prayer English
ركعات في الصلاة الإسلاميةRukeat fi alsalat al’iislamia Arabic
اسلام میں نماز میں رکعتیں۔ Urdu
ইসলামিক নামাজে রাকাটস (রাকাআত) . Isalāmika nāmājē rākāṭasa (rākā’āta) Bengali
इस्लामी प्रार्थना में राकाट (राकाट) . iIslaamee Namaz mein raakaat (raakaat) Hindi
Rakaats (Raka’at) در نماز اسلامی Persian
Rakaats (Raka’at) en la oración islámica Spanish
Rakaats (Raka’at) dans la prière islamique French
伊斯兰祈祷中的RakaatsRaka’at Chinese
イスラムの祈りのラカーツ(ラカート) Japanese
Rakaats (Rakaat) in Islamitiese gebede Afrikaans
Salaat-al- Sunnah Farz Sunnah Nafl Witr Nafl Total Raka’at
Fajar 2 2         4
Zuhar 4 4 2 2     12
Asar 4 4         8
Maghrib   3 2 2     7
Isha 4 4 2 2 3 2 17
Jumma 4 2 4+2 2     14

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Sunnah or Wajib Prayers in Islam Chart

Name of Salah Eid-ul-Fitr Eid-ul-Adha Taraweeh
Raka’at 2 2 8 or 20

 2. Non-Obligatory (Nafl) Prayers in Islam

Name of Salah Ashraaq Chaasht Awwabin Tahajjud Istakharah Istisqa Tasbih
Raka’at 2 2 to 12 6 2,4,6 or 8 + 1 Witr 2 2 4

 A Brief Description of Non-Obligatory (Nafl), Sunnah and Sunnah Mu’akkadah Prayers in Islam

  1. Salat al-Taraweeh: (Only During the month of Ramadhan)

Performed before Witrs of Salat al-Isha. It has 8 or 20 Raka’at.

 

  1. Salat al-Ashraq:

Performed around 12 to 15 minutes after sunrise. It has 2 Raka’at.

Purpose: It stands for good deeds and to make up for wrong doings.

 

  1. Salat al-Chaasht:

Performed some minutes before noon. It has 2 to 12 Raka’at.

Purpose: It is said to have a reward of one castle of gold in Jannah.

 

  1. Salat al-Awwabin or Salat al-Duha:

Performed between Maghrib and Isha. It has 6 Raka’at.

Awwab is the one who hastens to repentance if he ever commits a sin.

Awwabin are the ones “…who constantly turn to Allah…” Part of Al-Hadith.

 

  1. Salat al-Tahajjud:

Performed between the time after Salat-al-Isha and before Salat-al-Fajr.

Salat al-Isha’s Witr Wajib may be offered after Tahajjud if you tend to perform Salat al-Tahajjud.

It has 2, 4, 6 or 8 Raka’at and 1 Witr of Salat-al-Isha.

Purpose: To pray to Allah as “…our Lord descends to the lowest heaven…” – Part of Al Hadith.

 

  1. Salat al-Istakharah (to seek God’s guidance):

Observed at the permissible time when the other prayers can be offered. It has 2 Raka’at.

Purpose: To seek God’s guidance.

 

  1. Salat al-Istisqa (for Rain):

It is performed around 20 minutes after sunrise in a gathering and not alone. It has 2 Raka’at.  

Purpose: To pray for rain.

 

  1. Salat al-Tasbih:

Normally observed before Zuhar. It may also be observed at the permissible time when the other prayers can be offered. It has 4 Raka’at.

Purpose: For rewards and good deeds.

 

  1. Salat al-Mayyit:

You have to follow Imam in this prayer at the funeral before burying a dead body of a Muslim.

 

Note: In the comments’ section, you may give references, your Imam’s opinions, suggestions or corrections, if any. Thanks.

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