Head Lice Facts and Treatment
Important Facts to Know About Louse (Lice)
Louse (plural lice) has been disturbing humans and sucking their blood from the times immemorial. Now, the time has come to get rid of this parasite so as to make our lives even more comfortable and itch-free.
Here are some important facts you need to know about lice.
1. Louse (Lice) is pretty small, around 1/8 th part of an inch, insect that has a grayish-white wingless body.
2. There are many species of lice and one of these include head lice that lives in human scalp.
3. Louse is purely human specific and cannot survive even if it is given an opportunity to feed on animal skins.
4. A nymph comes out of a louse egg (or nit) after 8 or 9 days and it remains close to human scalp to get feed from it.
5. Lice eggs (or nits) need room temperature to hatch.
6. A nymph takes further 9 to 12 days to become an adult louse which can, then, reproduce.
7. Adult lice, if separated from the scalp, can independently live for around 48 hours only.
8. An adult louse can live for up to 30 days on its host.
9. An adult female louse can lay 4 or 5 eggs daily; it can lay 50 – 150 eggs during its life span. Researchers are of the view that an average louse lays 88 eggs during its life span.
10. Lice eggs are fortified with a special material and common lice shampoos and lotions cannot destroy or remove these eggs from human scalp.
11. Head lice cannot jump, fly or hop. So, a head-to-head contact is necessary for the transfer of lice from one person to another.
12. Adult lice are more prone to fall-off from head when they are moving. Anyhow, they can climb another person’s head even if there is no head-to-head contact.
13. Lice do not carry germs of other diseases.
14. A person gets infested with lice only when a female louse enters his or her head scalp.
15. Any treatment of lice must include the killing or destruction of its eggs in head scalp.
Treatment of Nits, Nymphs and Lice
There are varying medications in the market to kill or remove nits (eggs), nymphs and adult lice. Anyways, you have to consult your doctor and go for approved and proper medication for the removal or eradication of lice.
Here are some natural ways to remove lice, nits and nymphs.
1. A nit comb with fine blades may be a suitable device to remove nits, nymphs and lice.
2. A regular use of medicated anti-lice shampoos and lotions may also be helpful.
3. The anointing and massaging of alcohol on head scalp may bring positive results. (You must consult doctor and remain away from igniting lighters and flames near scalp during this type of massage)
4. Some people use kerosene oil to suffocate eggs. But the kerosene fumes are highly inflammable and many incidents of burning have occurred due to its use. So, avoid it.
5. You have to use FDA approved medication for your head. You may also use shampoos or medication that are approved by the health authorities of your respective country.
- Apply Tea Tree Oil to scalp for 2 hours and then use nit comb to remove lice, eggs and nymphs.
- Applying a smoothie of Garlic and Lime can help to keep lice away from scalp as lice does not like garlic smell.
- Onion Juice if applied to scalp for 1 – 2 hours can help in removing lice and its eggs.
- Apply Coconut Oil to scalp for 1 – 2 hours and then use a nit comb to remove lice and nits.
- Applying Taramira or Jamba Oil (extracted from the arugula seeds) for 2 hours can also help in removing lice and nits as it chokes lice. You have to remember that Taramira oil is quite bitter for skin so apply it in small quantity in the beginning and don’t immediately pour water at the area where you applied it as water aggravates its bitterness. Either use shampoo or nit comb to remove it along with lice.
- Mix 1 teaspoon of Eucalyptus oil (or Nilgiri Oil) with equal quantity of Olive Oil and apply it to the scalp. Use nit comb after 2 hours. Later, you may wash the scalp with shampoo.
Consider the Following Precautions:
1. Elderly women in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh normally get hold of their younger kids and start catching nymphs and lice from their heads.
The irony of the situation is that when a woman removes a female louse from the head of her child and kills it between her two thumb-nails, she is actually infesting her child’s head with the eggs that she unknowingly again throws into the head-scalp of the child during her search for more lice.
2. Why not keep the caught lice in a bottle and then throw them in wash-basin or flush them away after the completion of the task?
3. If you have removed lice from your head, it does not mean that you have now become immune against them. They still may infest your head at any time.
4. So, the best treatment will be to remain cautious about cleanliness of your clothes, bed sheets, and linen of the room where you live.
Consult doctor if the issue persists.