Fate, Theologies and Learned People – Theories and Quotations
Fate, character, and other related issues have been discussed by many learned people of the world throughout the known history of humanity.
As far as the known history is concerned, Fate and destiny date back to Stoics and Epicureans.
The former (Stoics) believed in the existence of a divine plan that governed human actions and decisions.
The latter (Epicureans) were opposite to the idea and believed in the existence of voluntary and rational actions.
Arthur Schopenhauer, a German Philosopher, considers destiny the Will to Live.
For Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche, destiny keeps the form of ‘Amor Fati’ (Love of Fate). The important element of Nietzsche’s philosophy, the “will to power” (der Wille zur Macht), the basis of human behavior, is influenced by the Schopenhauer’s Will to Live.
But this concept may have even other aspects, although he, at various places, saw the will to power as a strong element for adaptation or survival in a better way.
Nietzsche, eventually, transformed the idea of ‘matter as centers of force’ into ‘matter as centers of will to power as mankind’s destiny to face with amor fati.
The expression Amor fati is used repeatedly by Nietzsche as acceptation-choice of the fate, but in such way it becomes even another thing, precisely a “choice” in destiny.
Determinism should not be confused with fate.
Fate is spiritual, astrological and religious, decreed and given whereas determinism is the cause of something that has already happened.
Many influential philosophers including Thomas Nagel, Robert Kane and A.J. Ayer, etc., have talked about this aspect of determinism in detail.
Some religions, or at least religious sects, believe in fatalism. Fatalists believe that everything happens as per the decree of God and we cannot change it; we are just puppets.
Inversely, there are many people who believe in man’s free-will to be everything.
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