Active and Passive Voice Preview

Active and Passive Voice Preview

Tense  Active voice  Passive voice 
Present Indefinite Tense  Structure:  

(Action-Doer) Subject → 1st form of Verb (V1) + ‘s’ or ‘es’ → (Action-Receiver) Object. 

Examples: 

·         She reads the novel.  

·         I play cricket.  

Structure:  

(Action-Receiver) Subject → Is/Are/Am → 3rd form of Verb (V3) → by → (Action-Doer) Object. 

 Examples: 

·         The novel is read by her. 

·         Cricket is played by me. 

 

Present continuous Tense  Structure:  

(Action-Doer) Subject → Is/Are/Am → 1st  form of Verb (V1) + ‘ing’ → (Action-Receiver) Object. 

Examples: 

·         They are killing an elephant.  

·         I am eating mangoes.  

·         Rani is writing the book.  

Structure:  

(Action-Receiver) Subject → Is/Are/Am → Being → 3rd form of Verb (V3) → by → (Action-Doer) Object. 

Examples: 

·         An elephant is being killed by them.  

·         Mangoes are being eaten by me.  

·         The book is being written by Rani.  

 

Present Perfect Tense  Structure:  

(Action-Doer) Subject → Has/Have → 3rd  form of Verb (V3) → (Action-Receiver) Object. 

Examples: 

·         They have written an application. 

·         I have cooked the meat. 

·         Sana has caught the thief.  

Structure:  

(Action-Receiver) Subject → Has/Have → Been → 3rd form of Verb (V3) → by → (Action-Doer) Object. 

Examples: 

·         An application has been written by them.  

·         The meat has been cooked by me.  

·         The thief has been caught by Sana.  

Past Indefinite Tense  Structure:  

(Action-Doer) Subject → 2nd form of Verb (V2) → (Action-Receiver) Object. 

Examples: 

·         She read the novel.  

·         I played cricket.  

·         Elizabeth cooked food. 

Structure:  

(Action-Receiver) Subject → Was/Were → 3rd form of Verb (V3) → by → (Action-Doer) Object. 

Examples: 

·         The novel was read by her.  

·         Cricket was played by me. 

·         Food was cooked by Elizabeth. 

Past continuous Tense  Structure:  

(Action-Doer) Subject → Was/Were → 1st form of Verb (V1) + ‘ing’ → (Action-Receiver) Object. 

Examples: 

·         They were killing an elephant.  

·         I was eating mangoes. 

·         Rani was writing the book.  

Structure:  

(Action-Receiver) Subject → Was/Were → Being → 3rd form of Verb (V3) → by → (Action-Doer) Object. 

Examples: 

·         An elephant was being killed by them. 

·         Mangoes were being eaten by me. 

·         The book was being written by Rani. 

 

  

Past Perfect Tense  Structure: 

(Action-Doer) Subject → Had → 3rd form of Verb (V3) → (Action-Receiver) Object. 

Examples: 

·         They had written an application.  

·         I had cooked the meat before the sun rose. 

·         Sana had caught the thief. 

Structure:  

(Action-Receiver) Subject → Had → Been → 3rd form of Verb (V3) → by → (Action-Doer) Object. 

Examples: 

·         An application had been written by them.  

·         The meat had been cooked by me before the sun rose.  

·         The thief had been caught by Sana. 

Future Indefinite Tense  Structure:  

(Action-Doer) Subject → Shall/Will → 1st form of Verb (V1) → (Action-Receiver) Object. 

Examples: 

·         She will read the novel.  

·         I shall play cricket.  

·         Elizabeth will cook food. 

Structure: 

(Action-Receiver) Subject → Shall be/Will be → 3rd form of Verb (V3) → by → (Action-Doer) Object. 

Examples: 

·         The novel will be read by her.  

·         Cricket will be played by me. 

·         Food will be cooked by Elizabeth. 

Future Perfect Tense  Structure:  

(Action-Doer) Subject → Shall/Will Have → 3rd form of Verb (V3) → (Action-Receiver) Object. 

Examples: 

·         They will have written an application.  

·         I shall have cooked the meat. 

·         Sana will have caught the thief.  

Structure:  

(Action-Receiver) Subject → Shall/Will → Have → Been → 3rd form of Verb (V3) → by → (Action-Doer) Object. 

Examples: 

·         An application will have been written by them. 

·         The meat will have been cooked by me.  

·         The thief will have been caught by Sana.  

Also visit

Passive Voice of Past Perfect Tense in English Grammar

Passive Voice of Past Continuous Tense in English Grammar

Passive Voice of Past Indefinite Tense in English Grammar

 

 

 

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