By Shahid Saleem Butt
Question: What are different types of Emotions (of Love)?
Varying types of emotions and feelings are there and all of them are different in nature and are associated with Love either in negative or positive sense.
Apart from the religious books which talk about love and use of this love to reach God, we have many prevalent theories that talk about different types of emotions or feelings contributing to love:
Aristotle talks about different types of feelings and emotions in his book, “Rhetoric”, as:
- Anger opposite to calmness.
- Envy or Jealousy.
- Fear opposite to courage.
- Kindness opposite to cruelty.
- Shame opposite to confidence.
According to Greeks, different types of Love are:
- “Eros” or Erotic Love.
- “Philia” or Affectionate Love.
- “Storge” or Familiar Love.
- “Ludus” or Playful Love.
- “Mania” or Obsessive Love.
- “Pragma” or Enduring Love.
- “Philautia” or Self Love.
- “Agape” or Selfless Love.
Similarly, Darwin, in his major work “The Expressions of the Emotions in Man and Animals”, talks about
- Suffering and weeping
- Low spirits, anxiety, grief, dejection, despair
- Joy, high spirits, love, tender feelings, devotion
- Reflection, meditation, ill-temper, sulkiness, determination
- Hatred and anger
- Disdain, contempt, disgust, guilt, pride, helplessness, patience, affirmation and negation
- Surprise, astonishment, fear, horror
- Self-attention, shame, shyness, modesty, blushing.
(These are the chapter-heading of his book.)
Plutchik’s Eight Basic Emotions
Plutchik’s has stated eight emotions:
- Anticipation is the opposite of surprise.
- Disgust is the opposite of trust.
- Fear is the opposite of anger.
- Joy is the opposite of sadness.
He has also created the wheel of emotions to explain his findings in this respect:
Note: The intensity of a feeling increases as you move inside the wheel’s center and vice versa.